Turda Salt Mine
Once underground mines have served their purpose, most are sealed and forgotten. The 2000-year-old Turda Salt Mine in the city of Turda, Romania was no exception.
But fortunately, Turda Salt Mine was not consigned to oblivion. In 1939, during World War Two, local authorities reopened the mine and used its massive underground caverns as bomb shelters for the residents of Turda.
After being restored in 2010, Turda Salt Mine is one of Romania’s main landmarks hosting a theme park, bowling alleys, mini golf courses and other attractions.
This impressive landmark of Romania’s cave system was accidentally discovered in 1975 by an amateur speleologist group and got its name, ‘’ Bears Cave’’, after the finds of over 140 cave bears skeletons in 1983, skeletons that have been dated as being over 27,500 years old.
The cave has a length of over 1500 meters and is structured on 2 levels that contain 3 galleries and 4 halls. Its inside these galleries and halls that the remains of the cave bears can be seen and photographed along with the countless stalactites and stalagmites.
Discovered in 1859, this 5 km long cave became, since the beginning of the 20th century, one the most visited caves in Romania.
Inhabited by humans since prehistoric times, it became one of the most popular sights in Bihor County in the first years of the 20th century. Due to its speleological importance and for the species discovered inside, the Cave is a protected area, being declared a natural reserve. The cave houses a large number of bats that come from eight different species.
Recently, specialists discovered an over 6,500-year-old human skull inside the cave.
Scarisoara Glacier/ Scarisoara Ice cave
Deep in the heart of Scarisoara Ice Cave lies one of the oldest underground glaciers in the world.
In some cases, the glacier is formed in caves due to the subsidence of snow on the bottom of potholes caves. The ice stays there during summers due to the high altitude.
But the caves in Apuseni Mountains that house underground glaciers do not fall into this category. The presence of ice is not because of rough weather conditions, but due to a special ventilation system that determines an underground glacier topoclimate.
“Targu Ocna” Salt Mine
It is one of the oldest salt mines in Romania, first being mentioned in roman documents. Ever since, at a fairly slow rate, salt has been extracted from this mine as well as others found in the area.
Nowadays, aside from extracting salt from this mine, it is also a resort for therapeutic and leisure activities because it has many activities for children and adults alike, activities such as basketball, table tennis, billiards, and karting mini circuit. From a therapeutical point of view, this salt mine is a great help for everyone who suffers from breathing disorders such as asthma.